International Lawyers and the Human Right to a Healthy Environment

Conceived as an intellectual history, this paper will examine when and how human rights discourse has entered and changed the debate on the human environment. Besides the Stockholm conference of 1972, it will focus on debates which took place at the Academy of International Law (The Hague) and during the annual reunions of the American Society of International Law. The debate then shifted to the UN in the 1990s, where concrete projects to establish a human right for a healthy environment culminated in the 46th Session of the Human Rights Council.